History & Timeline

  • 1965

    Elementary And Secondary Education Act

    The first federal grants program to fund education for children with disabilities in state-operated or state-supported schools and institutions

  • 1969

    Lanterman Act, California

    Law establishing rights of people with developmental disabilities to services and supports that allow them to live a more independent life, resulting in the formation of Regional Centers

  • 1973

    Rehabilitation Act (Section 504)

    The first disability civil rights law to be enacted in the United States that prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in programs that receive federal financial assistance

  • 1975

    Education Of All Handicapped Children Act (Pl 94-142)

    Guarantees free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE). Mandates Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) with special education and related services designed to meet the needs of each child (aged 3-21) with disabilities, and "wherever possible" to be educated with children who do not have disabilities

  • 1990

    Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Extends all civil rights protections to people with disabilities, including protection from discrimination in employment, transportation, public accommodations, telecommunications, and activities of state and local governments.

  • 1990

    Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (Pl 99-457)

    Includes transition and assistive technology services, expands eligibility to include children with autism and traumatic brain injuries. Protecting children and adults with disabilities from exclusion, and unequal treatment in schools, jobs and the community.

  • 1992

    Planning For California’s System Of Early Start Family Resource Centers & Statewide Network

    Planning commences to launch a statewide early intervention system for children birth to three, and a consortium to form the statewide network

  • 1993

    California Early Intervention Services Act (SB 1085)

    Includes family support, establishing the Early Start Family Resource Centers as an integral part of California’s Early Start system

  • 1994

    Family Resource Centers Network Of California Founded

    Bylaws adopted and Executive Committee established

  • 1998

    Abilities, Skills And Knowledge (ASK)

    ASK Matrix developed by the FRCNCA, articulating competencies for staff across the state

  • 1999

    Office Of Special Education Programs Report

    Commends the establishment of a family support services system for young children with disabilities and their families, providing vital linkages to resources. 

    “The support and information provided by resource parents helped to reduce the feelings of being overwhelmed that new parents commonly mentioned….widely regarded as instrumental and effective in facilitating critical activities which promote parent-professional partnerships and interagency collaboration, including information and referral, community outreach and public awareness, and training. Family satisfaction with FRC services was high.”

  • 2004

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEIA 2004)

    Aligns closely with IDEA and No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), helps to ensure equity, accountability and excellence in education for children with disabilities

  • 2005

    Family Opportunity Act / Deficit Reduction Act Of 2005

    Establishes Family to Family Health Information Centers in all States and the District of Columbia

Credit: this timeline is adapted from the “Disability Rights Movement Timeline” available on the Family Voices of California website.